27 OCTOBER BLACK DAY in the History of SUB-CONTINENTOctober 27, 2023
Since October 27, 1947, the residents of Jammu and Kashmir have faced an extended period of unrest due to India’s forceful occupation of their territory, which they vehemently opposed. This date is remembered as a dark day in their history. The 1947 Indian Independence Act and Partition Plan led to the partition of British India into India and Pakistan, allowing princely states to decide their affiliation based on demographics. Despite Jammu and Kashmir’s Muslim majority and its strong cultural bonds with Pakistan, the Hindu leader Maharaja Hari Singh’s decision to accede to India under contentious circumstances initiated the ongoing Kashmir dispute. The authenticity of the Instrument of Accession document has been a subject of debate.
The Kashmiri people have consistently opposed India’s unauthorized control of their region from the outset, eventually resulting in the establishment of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. In 1948, the United Nations became involved, passing resolutions to resolve the matter through a plebiscite. Nonetheless, India’s reluctance to adhere to these resolutions motivated Kashmiris to escalate their efforts, despite enduring substantial losses.
The situation was further aggravated when India revoked the special status of Jammu and Kashmir in 2019. Subsequently, India has actively pursued a plan involving the resettlement of the region, the implementation of new laws, and demographic alterations. Several nations from the international community, such as China, Saudi Arabia, Türkiye, Indonesia, Oman, and Egypt, chose to boycott India’s efforts to legitimize its actions through a G20 Working Group on Tourism meeting.
Pakistan’s civil-military leadership remains committed to raising awareness about the suffering of the people in Indian illegally occupied Jammu and Kashmir. They consistently call upon the United Nations Security Council to enforce its resolutions. They stress that resolving the Kashmir dispute is crucial for both regional and global stability. The Kashmiri people mark October 27 as Black Day to spotlight their hardships and to voice their rejection of India’s unlawful occupation, underscoring the pressing need to address the Kashmir issue, particularly in light of India’s actions in August 2019.